One of the earliest signs of prostate cancer is usually detected when a man attends his regular checkup and finds out that the amount of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in his blood is extremely high.
Another sign of prostate cancer is lumps or bumps around the rectum area. When a patient undergoes a digital rectal exam, the physician will be able to feel if lumps, bumps and hard areas are present in the rectum, which is just behind the prostate gland.
When any of the two early signs of prostate cancer has been seen during a yearly exam, chances are, your cancer is found at an early and treatable stage. However, be aware that these tests are not 100% perfect and you should always seek a second opinion for confirmation.
Early Signs of Prostate Cancer
Until more information is known about your condition, you should consult your doctor for further testing or treatment. Since early prostate cancer has no signs or symptoms, urinary problems may occur. These include difficulty to urinate, interrupted flow or urine, trouble of holding back urine and frequent urination, especially at night.
If the prostate cancer is detected early, the disease is still confined in the prostate gland only. When this happens, a patient has better chances of a successful treatment without or minimal side effects.
However, when the cancer has spread beyond the patient’s prostate gland, the disease becomes more difficult to treat. Because of this, men over fifty years old are recommended to attend yearly checkups to detect early signs of prostate cancer. Fortunately, there are available treatments that could help in controlling the growth of prostate cancer.
Advanced Signs of Prostate Cancer
When the patient is diagnosed at an advanced stage, signs of prostate cancer become more evident and could indicate more severe disease such as infections. Patients with advanced prostate cancer may experience symptoms, including painful urination and ejaculation, blood in semen or urine and frequent pain on the hips, upper thighs or lower back.
When the disease has spread beyond the prostate, the signs of prostate cancer may also include several painful conditions, such as weak or intermittent urine flow, loss of appetite, persistent bone pain (especially in the lower pelvic area) and an irritating sensation that the bladder does not empty.
Not only could prostate cancer be a life-threatening disease, it could also be a threat to a man’s sexuality. Because of this, it is better to attend regular checkups to ensure there are no signs of prostate cancer and if there are, treat the disease accordingly.
DID YOU KNOW?
Like many other curative treatments for prostate cancer, hormone therapy can cause erectile dysfunction, leading to a decline in sexual performance. Another particularly dangerous side effect is the weakening of your bones. Prolonged hormone treatment reduces bone density, which in turn will put you at greater risk of bone fractures. To combat this, your doctor may prescribe dietary supplements, such as calcium. Other side effects include hot flashes, nausea, diarrhea, and breast growth and tenderness. Although rare, antiandrogens may also cause liver problems like abdominal pain and dark urine. Sudden changes in light may also become unduly stressful, and skin problems may surface.