Triglycerides are fatty substances in the blood, common in all people. Display up to 150 mg per dl blood triglycerides are considered a normal rate, have been cases where the person has the highest index of substance it means that the level is high and may cause some complications.
People with high triglyceride levels are more likely to have heart attacks, strokes and other health problems. In addition, they may also have inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis), which is responsible for producing hormones and fluids to aid in food digestion.
That the standard rate of triglycerides?
• Normal – below 150 mg / dL;
• Moderate – between 150 and 199 mg / dL;
• High – between 200 and 499 mg / dL;
• Very high – greater than or equal to 500 mg / dL.
What are the symptoms of high triglycerides?
The increase in triglyceride does not cause any symptoms, only the blood test is able to demonstrate its increase.
What are the causes of high triglycerides?
Triglycerides can rise for several reasons. Some people have genetic changes that predispose to this increase in these cases is common to find families with high triglycerides. Other develop elevated triglycerides errors due to food, the use of some drugs or the presence of certain diseases.
Some diseases that cause increased triglycerides are obesity, diabetesmellitus, hypothyroidism, kidney disease.
Other causes are: Diet rich in fats, excessive alcohol consumption, pregnancy.
What to do in case of high level of triglycerides?
If the doctor identifies the patient with high levels of triglycerides in the blood, it is important to inform people of the risks of heart attack and stroke. The first step is to take measures that can prevent these complications. Among them are: Avoid the use of cigarettes, not remain overweight, be aware of diseases like diabetes.
Some risk situations that deserve greater attention are: high blood pressure, heart disease family history, advanced age, patients being male.
Medicines and Treatment
Not everyone who has a high level of triglycerides in the blood need to take medicines. The doctor or physician should make the diagnosis and then prescribe the best treatment. Some factors that should be taken without regard include the patient’s age, family history of diseases and other health problems.
Since people who have coronary heart disease, in most cases, require the use of drugs to reduce the rate of triglyceride in blood. Drugs to reduce the levels of those substances usually include fenofibrate, nicotinic acid or fish oil.
Furthermore, statins are drugs used to reduce the risk of heart attacks or strokes and reduce the level of cholesterol in the body. It is important that patients with high rate of triglycerides in the blood also check cholesterol levels, because in most cases, these two high rates are related to the same causes.
It is recommended, however, that patients attempt to reduce blood triglycerides rates without the use of medicines. This is possible through a number of measures, which include: losing weight if overweight; physical exercise regularly; avoid foods and drinks high in sugar and carbohydrates such as white bread, fruit juice, soft drinks and sweets; avoid the intake of red meat, butter, frying, cheese, oils and nuts; control the consumption of alcohol, especially for males, who are more likely to develop complications.
Diet for high triglycerides – How to lower triglycerides through diet?
Individuals with high triglycerides should avoid foods rich in carbohydrates and fats. They should prioritize high-fiber foods and avoid those high in saturated fats. Give preference to whole foods such as brown rice and pasta based on wheat. Beverages, avoid alcohol and prefer the sugar-free soft drinks. The milk must be skimmed, which has lower fat content.